Species affected: Cats, Dogs
Background: In dogs and cats, this condition is often due to "garbageitis" (dietary indiscretion). It can also occur as an acute manifestation of parasitic diseases: whipworms (especially in adults), Coccidia, roundworms, hookworms, Giardia, Salmonella, E. coli, etc. Many cases are of a self-limiting nature. Recurrent episodes may indicate a more serious problem such as inflammatory bowel disease or lymphoma.
Symptoms: Looseness of stool and/or an increase in the frequency of elimination.
Diagnostics: Stool, blood, and radiology, if foreign body suspected.
Special Notes: Some cases can rapidly cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalance or even rectal prolapse; intervention and supportive care should be administered in cases that do not resolve quickly on their own.
Principles for Supplementation: Antibacterial (only if bacterial are causal); support the enterocytes, introduce beneficial gut bacteria, help repair the intestinal wall.