Background: Rare in horses.
Symptoms: Usually involve frequency of urination, hematuria, straining, and painful urination.
Diagnostics: Normally urine is bacteriostatic, but when the pH, nutrient level and concentration of the urine become conducive to support greater levels of bacterial life, a bacterial infection can ascend from the urethra.
Special Notes: Any factor that contributes to stress, nutritional deficiency or imbalance, urinary stasis, or immune weakness can lead to cystitis.
Principles for Supplementation: Antibacterial action of herbs, nutrients to support healing of bladder wall and urethra