Species affected: Dogs, cats
Background: The condition is most common in middle-aged dogs and cats, especially obese animals that have been fed a bland, high-fat diet all their lives.
Symptoms: Intense symptoms of abdominal pain, vomiting, occlusion of the common bile duct, fever, anorexia and electrolyte imbalance.
Diagnostics: The trigger event can be a fatty meal, garbage ingestion or bones given to an animal not accustomed to eating them.
Special Notes: Dietary fat is thought to be the main predisposing factor to acute episodes. In cats, fat is not a
factor; they also tend to have a more chronic waxing and waning course.
Principles for Supplementation: The use of antioxidants and enzymes are good for preventing further episodes in both species despite the different manifestations.