Species affected: Cats, Dogs
Background: This condition may be due to a systemic infection or an autoimmune reaction. It is important to rule out chronic viral infections (FIV, FeLV, FIP in cats) as a potential cause. The cause may also be a penetrating foreign object, lacerations of the eye, or other trauma.
Symptoms: Inflammation of the iris and other structures that support the iris, pain, photophobia, spasm of the eyelids and excessive tearing.
Diagnostics: Ocular exam, other tests as needed to rule out systemic diseases.
Special Notes: Can lead to glaucoma; animals should be monitored closely and referred to a specialist if necessary to save vision in the affected eye if glaucoma develops rapidly.
Principles for Supplementation: Support the immune system and supply nutrients needed by the eye for healing.